Orthodontics is a science that includes the overall study, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of anomalies of the shape, position, proportion, and function of dentomaxillofacial structures. Its practice constitutes the art of preventing, diagnosing, and correcting their alterations and keeping them in optimum conditions of health and harmony by means of the use and control of different kinds of forces.
On the one hand orthodontics is the science that aims to achieve the ideal position of teeth and their alveolar processes, and on the other hand it studies them from a wider perspective, including the development of the jaws, which is generically known as dentofacial orthopaedics. These two aspects have different criteria although it is true that these frequently overlap. It is for this reason that both concepts fuse to form the generic conceptof Orthodontics, which can be understood to constitute an overall discipline that studies and treats each patient as a whole according to his/her special characteristics. Orthodontics is an important field in the study of man’s development as teeth are the point of entry of the food we need to survive.